About Dyslexia



In Greek, “Dyslexia” when broken down to “dys-“, means difficulty with, and “-lexia”, means words or language.

Dyslexia affects about 10% of the general population across a range of talents to varying degrees.

People with dyslexia often have significant strengths in other areas.

Dyslexia is mostly referred to as a “specific learning difficulty” (SpLD) that it is specific to words, it can co-exist with other specific learning difficulties such as ADHD and dyspraxia, and is defined by a lack of phonological awareness which affects the learning of literacy skills.

Undiagnosed dyslexia has a great social cost, and may lead to:

  • Education failure
  • Low self-esteem
  • Poor confidence
  • Reduced employment prospects
  • Disruptive and anti-social behaviour

Important! Eyes and Dyslexia
If your child complains of visual problems or has difficulty at school, they should be referred to an optometrist or orthoptist with expertise in this particular field. Click here for more information.

The following cognitive performances (how we think about and process information) can be affected:

  • Spatial awareness and recognition
  • Homophone recognition
  • Digit Span (forward and reverse)
  • Spelling
  • Memory
  • Verbal reasoning
  • Directional awareness
  • Right and left awareness
  • Reading speed
  • Comprehension

Spelling / homophones

Difficulties with spelling and recognising homophones (e.g., Yew and you) are commonplace for dyslexics.

Spatial Recognition
Visual processing abilities in the average dyslexic have, in some cases, been found to be higher than in non-dyslexics.

Verbal Reasoning
Refers to a person’s contextual understanding of words, rather than their ability to provide a simple definition.

Reading Speed
Slow reading speed is a good indicator of dyslexia when used in conjunction with other indicators.

Many poor readers may try to skip passages, as they can be embarrassed to say they cannot read, or find the task highly frustrating.

If a person skips words and passages the cause may be that poor eyesight and / or other specific learning difficulties are the issue.

Directional Awareness
Dyslexics may confuse North and South, East and West and hence run a higher risk of heading in the wrong direction.

Digit Span (forward and reverse)
Indicates the strength of a person’s short-term / working memory, which can be a poor in many dyslexics.

If you are unfamiliar with the term ‘short-term / working memory’, please take time to find out more, as this will help you empathise with dyslexics’ needs and their perception of the world.

This is a good indicator of how well a person can absorb, retain, and recall information from written text.

Screening and Tests for Dyslexia
If you would like more information about free screening and tests please click dyslexia tests.